Canada Infoway is one of the big health informatics mover in Canada. They have a set of interoperability solutions for developers to enhance electronic health records (EHR) and user interfaces to improve sending and receiving standard-bases interoperability messages.(1) Very briefly, they are as follows:
Data standards are the agreement on the representation and formatting of data to be consistent across different systems. Interoperability is the ability for systems to communicate and exchange information to each other from anywhere and anytime;(1) on demand and in real-time; interoperability will be achieved when there are standards implemented and followed.